Armoured Combat, also called heavy combat or heavy fighting (or sometimes simply heavy) is “combat sport” developed by the Society for Creative Anachronism in which participants in recreated medieval armour act fight with blunt rattan weapons. Armoured combat is not choreographed and combatants fight at full speed and power; all “kills” and “wounds” are determined through the honour system – that is, the fighter receiving a blow is on their honour to accept for refuse a blow honestly. If the blow received would have been in earnest with a real weapon, the fighter “acts out” the consequences: a wounded limb cannot be used, a “fatal” blow ends the bout, and so on.
Armoured Combat occupies a central role within the SCA; Crown Tournament is an armoured combat tournament which determines who sits the Throne. Most events have an armoured combat element and regular fight practices are a feature of most local groups throughout the year.
Armoured Combat within Ealdormere can be broken into four main sub-groups which fall directly under the authority the Kingdom Earl Marshal: